A HISTORY OF

THE BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA 1942-43 ©
by James Bowen

"For there can be no doubt that 1942 was for Australia - as a nation and as a people - the most important single year of all those two hundred. It was the turning point in the making of modern Australia. In the fire of that tremendous crisis were forged all the elements which have shaped our national life and destiny, to this day."

The Hon. R.L.J. Hawke, AC, Prime Minister of Australia, on the occasion of Australia's Bicentenary, 1988

Text and Web-site by James Bowen initiated 9 May 2001. Last updated 13 January 2011.

THE BATTLE ON THE KOKODA TRACK

THE 39TH BATTALION AFTER THE BATTLE OF ISURAVA

Returning from the Battle of Isurava, soldiers of the 39th Australian Infantry Battalion trudge through deep mud on the hellish Kokoda Track. In heavy fighting under appalling conditions, these heroes have played a vital role at Kokoda, Deniki, and Isurava in blunting the momentum of the Japanese advance towards Australia. From right to left: Warrant Officer 2 R. Marsh, Privates G. Palmer, J. Manol, J. Tonkins, A. Forrester, and Gallipoli veteran Staff Sergeant J. Long.....AWM 013288.


For my wife Dianne

Who has not only supported my proposal to commemorate a Battle for Australia since 1995, but has also patiently and cheerfully endured the substantial drain on our finances, the lost holidays over ten years, and the thousands of hours expended on research, writing this history, and the creation of this complex web-site. I graduated in Far Eastern history with a special focus on Japanese history that did not extend past the first World War. When I turned to the Pacific War in 1995, it required a massive learning curve and extensive reading. Our fathers had both served in the Pacific War, and we did not begrudge the time and money required by a project that we firmly believed was justified to acquaint young Australians with the sacrifices made by those who defended Australia from Japanese control in 1942.


© "THE BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA 1942-1943" BY JAMES BOWEN IS COPYRIGHT.
Unless otherwise expressly indicated, all material on this web-site is copyright to James Bowen, and all rights are reserved. The copyright in paintings remains with the artists who gave permission for their display on this web-site. The copyright in eyewitness stories remains with the veterans who provided those stories to the Pacific War Web-site (or their families). Subject to the foregoing, the author of this web-site will permit use of not more than 300 words of his text provided that the source is acknowledged. Any institution or person wishing to use more than 300 words of the author's text for any purpose must contact the author at the address below. Unless otherwise indicated, all maps have been produced by the author and their source from this web-site must be acknowledged.


INDEX TO THE BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA 1941- 1943

Text and Web-site by James Bowen. Last updated 23/6/2008

Note: For the convienence of visitors to this web-site who may wish to pursue further historical research on the World-wide Web, the powerful "Google" search engine has been placed below this INDEX.

ABOUT THIS WEB-SITE

WHAT WAS THE BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA 1942-43?

ORIGIN OF THE PROPOSAL TO COMMEMORATE THE BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA

ABOUT THE AUTHOR OF THIS WEB-SITE


INTRODUCTION

PACIFIC WAR MAPS:

Japanese military aggression 1910-1942

The Battle of Midway

PART 1 - THE GATHERING PACIFIC STORM 1941 - 1942

Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, 7 December 1941

Japan attacks Malaya, British Borneo, & the Dutch East Indies (Text being revised)

Japan's attack on the Philippines

PART 2 - THE BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA BEGINS (23 JANUARY 1942)

What was the Battle for Australia 1942-43?

Australia under threat from Japan

Japanese aggression exposes the inadequacy of Australia's defences

British Prime Minister Winston Churchill betrays Australia at the Arcadia Conference

Japan's navy and army leaders debate Australia's fate

Japan invades the Australian Territory of New Guinea

MacArthur-a flawed general takes command of Australia's defence

Japanese attacks on the Australian mainland

PART 2A - CONFRONTING A DENIAL OF THE BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA BY DR PETER STANLEY

Challenging a denial of the Japanese threat to Australia in 1942 promoted by Dr Peter Stanley

Proving that Dr Peter Stanley is promoting a false history of 1942

Defending the character and leadership of Prime Minister John Curtin from unjustifies slurs

Insulting the Gallipoli Anzacs

PART 3 - AMERICA FIGHTS BACK

Bold American carrier raids derail Japan's invasion timetables and strategic priorities

PART 4 - THE AMERICAN AND JAPANESE NAVAL AIR SERVICES

The American and Japanese naval air services compared

PART 5 - THE BATTLE OF THE CORAL SEA - MAY 1942

The Battle of the Coral Sea - Japan's first attempt to isolate Australia from the United States

PART 6 - THE BATTLE OF MIDWAY - JUNE 1942

The Battle of Midway - Turning point of the Pacific War

PART 7 - THE KOKODA CAMPAIGN - JULY 1942 to JANUARY 1943

The Kokoda Campaign -Japan's second attempt to isolate Australia from the United States

PART 8 - THE BATTLE FOR GUADALCANAL - 7 AUGUST 1942 TO 7 FEBRUARY 1943 -

Guadalcanal - Japan's third attempt to isolate Australia from the United States

PART 9 - JAPANESE WAR CRIMES 1937-1945 -

Atrocities of the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy and the long history of denial

PART 10 - THEY ALSO SERVED IN THE BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA

The Dutch contribution

The Coastwatchers

Australian Army Nurses


PART 11 - HISTORICAL BACKGROUND TO THE PACIFIC WAR 1941-1945

Imperial Japan's Path to World War II:

Nazi Germany's Path to World War II:


PART 12 - HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF JAPAN'S MILITARY AGGRESSION

How deeply ingrained militarism, aggressive nationalism, and a denial of genuine democracy laid the foundations for Japan's military aggression


PART 13 - WORLD WAR ISSUES -

Was the atomic bombing of Japan justifiable?

Where does the Battle of the Atlantic rank in the pivotal battles of World War II?



WOULD YOU LIKE TO CONTACT THE AUTHOR/WEBMASTER?

The author/webmaster may be contacted by electronic mail at:

Any inconvenience caused by removal of the author/webmaster's previous hot-linked address is regretted.The previous hot-linked address produced a continuing flood of unsolicited junk mail, or "spam".


LINKS FOR THE HISTORY ENTHUSIAST


SEARCH THE WORLD WIDE WEB WITH THE POWERFUL "GOOGLE" SEARCH ENGINE

Google

River cruising with Scenic Tours from Amsterdam to Budapest

River cruising in Europe with Scenic Tours

This is an unbiased traveller's assessment of the good and bad features of cruising the Rhine, Main and Danube Rivers with Scenic Tours. It includes a critique of poor and very expensive accommodation provided for river cruise clients by Scenic Tours in Paris. For more independent reviews of river cruising between Amsterdam and Budapest with Scenic Tours, see the Tripadviser web-site below.

NOTE: This is a review and not a paid advertisement for travel with Scenic Tours.

TRIPADVISOR REVIEWS OF SCENIC TOURS CRUISING BETWEEN AMSTERDAM AND BUDAPEST

Tripadvisor is a highly respected international travel advice company and it provides over 70 reviews by travellers who have cruised from Amsterdam to Budapest with Scenic Tours. See the reviews.

WEB-SITES FOR HISTORY ENTHUSIASTS

THE HISTORY RING

This site is a member of WebRing.
To browse visit Here.


DISCLAIMER

This web-site includes references to historical source material. That source material includes other web-sites, printed publications, films and video material related to aspects of the Pacific War between 1941 and 1943. Reference to those sources does not necessarily imply endorsement by the Pacific War Historical Society of the material contained in those sources or views expressed in those sources.