A HISTORY OF
BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA 1942-43 ©
James Kenneth Bowen *
"For there can be no doubt that 1942 was for Australia - as a nation and as a people - the most important single year of all those two hundred. It was the turning point in the making of modern Australia. In the fire of that tremendous crisis were forged all the elements which have shaped our national life and destiny, to this day."
The Hon. R.L.J. Hawke, AC, Prime Minister of Australia, on the occasion of Australia's Bicentenary, 1988
* This text and website by James Kenneth Bowen (author's concise CV) was initiated 9 May 2001. Website was last updated 20 December 2018.
THE BATTLE ON THE KOKODA TRACK
THE 39TH BATTALION AFTER THE BATTLE OF ISURAVA
Returning from the Battle of Isurava, soldiers of the 39th Australian Infantry Battalion trudge through deep mud on the hellish Kokoda Track. In heavy fighting under appalling conditions, these heroes have played a vital role at Kokoda, Deniki, and Isurava in blunting the momentum of the Japanese advance towards Australia. From right to left: Warrant Officer 2 R. Marsh, Privates G. Palmer, J. Manol, J. Tonkins, A. Forrester, and Gallipoli veteran Staff Sergeant J. Long.....AWM 013288.
For my wife Dianne
Dianne in 1970 at the christening of our youngest daughter Jillian.
I owe a special tribute to my wonderful wife Dianne who has not only supported my proposal to commemorate a Battle for Australia since 1995, but has also patiently and cheerfully endured the substantial drain on our finances, the lost holidays over twenty years, the heavy cost of expensive desktop computers and professional internet software (including Adobe Photoshop and web editor Adobe Dreamweaver), and the thousands of hours expended on research, writing this history, and creation of the complex Pacific War and Battle for Australia web-sites. I graduated in history from the University of Queensland with a special focus on Japanese history that did not extend past the first World War. When I turned to the Pacific War in 1995, it required a massive learning curve and extensive reading. Not having ready access to a university library, it has been necessary for me to purchase history books, and my personal World War II history library now numbers over two hundred volumes. Our fathers had both served in the Pacific War, and we did not begrudge the time and money required by a project that we firmly believed was justified to acquaint young Australians with the sacrifices made by those who defended Australia from Japanese control in 1942.
BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA 1942-1943" BY JAMES BOWEN IS COPYRIGHT.
Unless otherwise expressly indicated, all material on this web-site is copyright to James Bowen, and all rights are reserved. The copyright in paintings remains with the artists who gave permission for their display on this web-site. The copyright in eyewitness stories remains with the veterans who provided those stories to the Pacific War Web-site (or their families). Subject to the foregoing, the author of this web-site will permit use of not more than 300 words of his text provided that the source is acknowledged. Any institution or person wishing to use more than 300 words of the author's text for any purpose must contact the author at the address below. Unless otherwise indicated, all maps have been produced by the author and their source from this web-site must be acknowledged.
Text and Web-site by James Bowen. Last updated 23/6/2008
Note: For the convienence of visitors to this web-site who may wish to pursue further historical research on the World-wide Web, the powerful "Google" search engine has been placed below this INDEX.
ABOUT THIS WEB-SITE
WHAT WAS THE BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA 1942-43?
ORIGIN OF THE PROPOSAL TO COMMEMORATE THE BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA
ABOUT THE AUTHOR OF THIS WEB-SITE
PACIFIC WAR MAPS:
Japanese military aggression 1910-1942
The Battle of Midway
PART 1 - THE GATHERING PACIFIC STORM 1941 - 1942
Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, 7 December 1941
Japan attacks Malaya, British Borneo, & the Dutch East Indies (Text being revised)
Japan's attack on the Philippines
PART 2 - THE BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA BEGINS (23 JANUARY 1942)
What was the Battle for Australia 1942-43?
Australia under threat from Japan
Japanese aggression exposes the inadequacy of Australia's defences
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill betrays Australia at the Arcadia Conference
Japan's navy and army leaders debate Australia's fate
Japan invades the Australian Territory of New Guinea
MacArthur-a flawed general takes command of Australia's defence
Japanese attacks on the Australian mainland
PART 2A - CONFRONTING A DENIAL OF THE BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA BY DR PETER STANLEY
Challenging a denial of the Japanese threat to Australia in 1942 promoted by Dr Peter Stanley
Proving that Dr Peter Stanley is promoting a false history of 1942
Defending the character and leadership of Prime Minister John Curtin from unjustifies slurs
Insulting the Gallipoli Anzacs
PART 3 - AMERICA FIGHTS BACK
Bold American carrier raids derail Japan's invasion timetables and strategic priorities
PART 4 - THE AMERICAN AND JAPANESE NAVAL AIR SERVICES
The American and Japanese naval air services compared
PART 5 - THE BATTLE OF THE CORAL SEA - MAY 1942
The Battle of the Coral Sea - Japan's first attempt to isolate Australia from the United States
PART 6 - THE BATTLE OF MIDWAY - JUNE 1942
The Battle of Midway - Turning point of the Pacific War
PART 7 - THE KOKODA CAMPAIGN - JULY 1942 to JANUARY 1943
The Kokoda Campaign -Japan's second attempt to isolate Australia from the United States
PART 8 - THE BATTLE FOR GUADALCANAL - 7 AUGUST 1942 TO 7 FEBRUARY 1943 -
Guadalcanal - Japan's third attempt to isolate Australia from the United States
PART 9 - JAPANESE WAR CRIMES 1937-1945 -
Atrocities of the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy and the long history of denial
PART 10 - THEY ALSO SERVED IN THE BATTLE FOR AUSTRALIA
The Dutch contribution
Australian Army Nurses
PART 11 - HISTORICAL BACKGROUND TO THE PACIFIC WAR 1941-1945
Imperial Japan's Path to World War II:
Nazi Germany's Path to World War II:
PART 12 - HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF JAPAN'S MILITARY AGGRESSION
How deeply ingrained militarism, aggressive nationalism, and a denial of genuine democracy laid the foundations for Japan's military aggression
PART 13 - WORLD WAR ISSUES -
Was the atomic bombing of Japan justifiable?
Where does the Battle of the Atlantic rank in the pivotal battles of World War II?
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This web-site includes references to historical source material. That source material includes other web-sites, printed publications, films and video material related to aspects of the Pacific War between 1941 and 1943. Reference to those sources does not necessarily imply endorsement by the Pacific War Historical Society of the material contained in those sources or views expressed in those sources.